Oxygen Machines For Sleep Apnea – Portable Oxygen Tanks Blog





Robert asks…

Pain in my left lower side.?

Ok, I have had this pain in my lower left side for about 5 years now, well anyway one of my docs found out I was hypoglycemic and she started giving me glucophage medication 1500 mg, and the pain went away and I don’t know why. Well anyways I started going to a different doctor and she took me off of it because she said it is a diabetic medicine and shouldn’t be taking it. Since I stopped taking it my pain has come back in my side. Does anyone have any clue what this pain could be and if it has anything to do with hypoglycemia or diabetes or something. I was also taking thyroid meds at the same time for no reason, and she took me off it too at the same time. So I don’t know if one of these medicines was stopping the pain or what. I had a sonogram done on my ovaries and everything is ok there from what they got back, so I’m clueless. I also have sleep apnea, and hypoxmia, when I’m sleeping my blood oxygen gets down to 53 with a cannula breathing machine on, don’t know if this could have something to do with it either. I’m clueless if someone could help me.

EloiseG answers:

It is difficult to offer any diagnosis on this forum but let me put my 2 cents worth in. You did not state your age, but a condition known as diverticulosis often affects the sigmoid colon. This puts the pain on the lower left quadrant. When it becomes inf lammed it turns into diverticulitis and this is when the pain is felt. This is a very common condition and can diagnosed by a colonoscopy. If you do have it there is no cure but it can be managed by diet and maybe some meds. I think it is worth a look, talk to your doctor.

Thomas asks…

Is there a way to get REM Sleep with Severe Sleep Apnea & Narcolepsy/Cataplexy?

My husband has SEVERE Sleep Apnea and Narcolepsy. In his sleep studies, he wasn’t having any REM sleep at all until his third sleep machine – the VPAP. Now, he gets about 20 minutes of REM in a 5 1/2 hour night sleep and no REM during his naps. He sleeps 5 1/2 hours at night like clockwork, wakes up, takes his 3 Provigil, eats toast and 1/2 hour later can’t stay awake for anything. He’s out cold for 3 hours (with no REM). His daytime sleep test for Narcolepsy show that he falls asleep within the first 2 minutes of a “nap” and cannot stay awake in-between “naps”. It is dangerous. He has fallen asleep in the kitchen standing up and fallen completely over before – hitting his head on the granite counter and hitting the floor.

He has been told of a “miracle” Narcolepsy medication to bring him to a deep sleep but he can’t take it because he takes pain medication and the two combined could be lethal. We’ve been trying for 3 years to get his Sleep Apnea and Narcolepsy, Hypopneas, Hypoxia, blood disorder caused by Hypoxia, and other life threatening conditions treated. The blood disorder has cleared up, the chronic hypoxia has reversed with oxygen and VPAP, the Obstructive Sleep Apnea is gone with the Gastric Bypass, we’re now left with Central Apnea/Hypopnea, No Rem/almost No Rem and Narcolepsy/Extreme sleepiness all the time.

He is only 43 – with a 7 year old son. My husband is the kindest – most loving, most compassionate man I have ever met and I will spend my life caring for him – loving him and fighting for health care for him. I just want to see him get rest and his doctors aren’t helping him stay awake. I have heard that there are other medications that he can take other than Provigil / Nuvagil to stay awake during the day so that he can enjoy his family, but his doctor has never prescribed them . (not board certified in sleep medicine.. actually, a pulmunologist, but not board certified in that either.) We went to a certified sleep doctor/psychiatrist who mentioned that there were many options for medication treatment, but when we moved just after his first sleep test, we had to start all over and find new doctors. We went to the “sleep center” here in our town right next to and affiliated with our local hospital…. unfortunately, the doctor is not board certified and the “technicians” talk about marjuana and have only a high school education. They have the study results sent to a board certified doctor to read them and send back a report that the “sleep doctor” reads and treats my husband based on what he reads in books. I can’t believe we just wasted a year of our lives with this group of “doctors”.

Anyway……my questions are:

1. Can someone help my husband or a person get more REM Sleep – is it even Possible?
2. Are there other medications than Provigil for staying awake during the day for Narcoleptics?

3. Shouldn’t the fact that he takes 3 or 4 200mg Provigil and then taking a 3 hour nap 30 minutes after taking the Provigil say something to even a non-sleep doctor – that this drug isn’t working? It has been a year like this.

4. Is it time to see a Neurologist? Are we looking in the wrong place or did we just come in contact with one of the lesser skilled sleep doctors?

5. Has anyone taken Xyrem with Methadone 10mg before – is it lethal? This was the drug he said could make my husband sleep.

EloiseG answers:

I honestly don’t know why your husband hasn’t seen a neurologist before now! Not only that, but the methadone may be a big part of the problem. A quick search online and I found a few articles in legitimate medical publications that showed methadone and other narcotics significantly lessen REM sleep. The methadone could conceivable be “undoing” any possible benefits of the Provigil!

{ 0 comments }


Oxygen Tanks Sizes – Portable Oxygen Tanks Blog





Donna asks…

25 gallon Saltwater aquarium filtration?

I have a 104 fluval canister filter, 15 lb of live rock, and 130 watts of light from power compacts. I have been doing regular water changes instead of adding a protein skimmer. Does the canister provide enough oxygen for the fish in the tank or do I need to add a powerhead. Any recomendations for a super quiet skimmer for this size tank. THANKS.

EloiseG answers:

Most of the oxygen transfer is going to occur at the surface of the water. Powerheads and such help a little. Read the article at my source listed below and you will find a much more detailed answer. The biggest change you need in my opinion is much more live rock. I’d add 20-30 pounds. If you can’t afford that much rock try to find base rock. It will be live rock quickly enough and is much cheaper.

Nancy asks…

Can you over oxygenate your fish tank?

i have a 20 gallon tank with two XL comets in it…i know thats way way to small, but my parents wont let me buy a larger one (“when i had fish we just used a bowl and that was good enough!!)

one fish is about dollar bill sized (not with the tail fins (which are sadly getting destroyed)) and the other is just a little smaller.

while i was away at college i had to leave my fish at home since they have out grown the tank limits for the dorms…and my mum said she would clean the tank but never did…so when i came home for spring break, the tank hadnt been cleaned in two months…

so were going through ammonia, nitrite, and nitrate problems…probably pH also…it caused scale loss and fins were ripped and they keep swimming full bor into the walls…and im working with the aquarium store where i got them to get the tank back to order…

and while i was gone, they had out grown there ‘bubble’ oxygen stone that sits on the floor of the tank…it was only about three inches long for a 20 gallon tank with two over large fish in it.

i replaced it with a five inch stone and now im wondering if that will put in to much oxygen for the tank size?

would they get sick from to much oxygen? i dont have any live plants, so thats not a concern…im saving those for a bigger tank…im just worried about my fish.
the stone is close to the wall and the filters “water fall” (lol) and the plants on the other side of the tank are not moving hardly…could this still have to much current…

yeah…im moving out of here and in with my boyfriend this summer in like two months…i just hope they can make it that long, ive had them for a year and a half now, and im attached to them, lol….and theres a nice 75 -100 gallon tank waiting for them if they get there…
JM…they were not this big when i got the tank…they were like dollar coin size…they have now GROWN to dollar bill size. and if i could get another tank i would…but like i said..my parents dont give a sh*t, and i cant change that.
yeah, well the store i got them at when i was at school said they were Shebunkins…not Comets…these are my first fish ive actually actively cared for. and i got them a year ago…what was i supposed to ask? “oh hey, will you let me buy a 100 gallon tank to put these little fish in just so when they grow?” yeah…that wouldve went over well…i had to fight to get Bruce out of a 5 gallon tank into the 20 they have now…like hell id be able to get a 100 gallon.

i have no one to give them too…no one wants to have a 100 gallon fish tank in their house and have it be not their own fish…and i wouldnt trust them. i cant trust my own parents..you think im just gonna trust some random to care for them? and i cant ask my friends cause we all live in dorms.

and nothing is going to be in with them…just the two comets. since i know they can get up to 13 inches…not like shebunkins…i know that theyll need swimming room and everything else that a large fish needs. dont talk to me like

EloiseG answers:

That was a pretty long story, but to get back to your question, it is theoretically possible to super-saturate water with oxygen or other gas in a way that can be harmful to fish (it’s called “cavitation”), but that will never happen with the equipment you’re using (a power filter and an airstone).

It doesn’t really matter whether you use a 3-inch airstone or a 5-inch airstone, or a 1-inch airstone, for that matter. Oxygenation takes place almost entirely at the top surface of the water, not in the little bubbles coming out of the airstone. What airstones do is move the water around, so that it all goes past the air/water interface at the top surface. In a 20-gallon tank, and in most other aquaria, any size of airstone will accomplish this.

So it’s a pretty safe bet that right now your goldfish have plenty of oxygen in their water, but not too much.

Carol asks…

How do I loose weight when I am disabled and can’t walk?

I have severe rheumatoid arthritis, I also am an above the knee amputee as well as having C.O.P.D. and I have an oxygen tank to drag around with me at all times.I cannot walk. I have gained 100 Lbs. I feel bad enough about my weight as it is,Sometimes I wish I could die. I have a neighbor that I play cards with who shames me every time I put a bit of food into my mouth. The truth be known I eat a lot less that anyone I know.I felt so bad after playing cards last night that I came close to crying. He brags all the time about the excessive amounts of food he eats and he is normal size, while walking on two legs of course.He seem to think that I am happy at this weight! I always all my life was thin to the point of being to thin but I did eat.My Dr. used to tell me to eat more! I had two babies and during my pregancies I only gained 18 Lbs with the first son & 20 Lbs with the second son. I ate what I wanted. I was never one to make fun of another persons weight .I don’t deserve this.
My family also will bring it to my attention that I an fat! Dud! Why do people think we don’t know we are fat and whay do they think we are happy to be fat? and why do the assume that we must have eaten ourselves fat? Don’t people know that some of the Medications used to treat rheumatoid arthritis will cause weight gain? I can’t walk I can’t exercise. I am not whining or feeling sorry for myself truly I am not. I am at my wits end because I don’t like this excess weight it is bad for me. And I am at my wits end with family& friends thinking I like being fat and that I ate myself fat. Is there an alternative medication that will help me?
I am in a powerchair not a wheelchair. My fingers are almost tied in knots! I cant exercise my upper body I have sever rheumatoid arthritis! There are no upper body exercises I can do!!

EloiseG answers:

I totally understand your problem I am bedridden also from an accident, arthritis, and Fibromyalgia. I gained a great deal of weight being bedridden and five years ago I lost 100lb.. So I know it can be done. What I did was I cut out bread, pastry, candy, and rice. I only ate protein like chicken, turkey, and fish. I ate vegetables including potatoes without any fat or cooking oil. I had at least two pieces of fruit the day. I drank it at least 2qt. Of water a day. It took me over a year to lose the weight, but it did come off. So please don’t give up. I also used the supplement chromium, one tablet three times a day. That really helped me not crave food.

If you have any questions please e-mail me.

 

James asks…

will my live plants supply enough oxygen or should i drop an air stone?

i have 3 large size live plants in my 8 gallon tank with 5 tetra’s.
i have an aquaclear “10-20″ filter in my tank

EloiseG answers:

An air stone is always a good idea, as it promotes the movement of the water surface.

It also helps the nitrogen cycle as impurities travel with the bubbles to be released into the atmosphere.

Always good to have an air stone, what kind of filter do you have in the tank?

Sandy asks…

Im a bit worried my fish tank is overcrowded.?

I have a small tank of 23 litres dimensions 40cmx23x25. In it are two comet goldfish 5 cm long, 5 zebra danio 2 cm, 2 baby koi 2 cm and a crayfish. They are getting adequate oxygen, and i have a sponge filter which I assume is providing biological filtration, however I was wondering if they will suffer health problems at that tank size?

EloiseG answers:

They will die if you dont seperate them
the other answers have said what to do

Charles asks…

tank size fr my 2 goldfish…?

friends…need ur help..i’ve 2 goldfish each f about 8 cm…
my tank size is 30cm x 17 cm with 21cm height..hav 1 filter n oxygen pump…is dis tank size okk r should i get a bigger one..??
plzzz help…n explain in litres..plz

EloiseG answers:

Well you tank is a little over 10litres…

If your fish are round bodies goldfish you need at LEAST 38litres PER goldfish, so you need a tank that is 76litres, or over 6 times bigger than your tank.

If your fish are slim bodied goldfish you need at least a 230litre tank for 2 goldfish and an extra 76litres per extra goldfish, so your tank should be 230litres which is about 23 times the size of your tank.

So sorry, but no. Your tank is no where near large enough. I’m glad you’re doing research, but next time please do it BEFORE you get any animals, including fish. Otherwise how can you know if you’re providing what they need to be healthy?

Lisa asks…

What are all the possible variables for an experiment in a fish tank / aquarium?

some I have already are temperature, pH, oxygen, light, water flow, population size of each species population, tank size, mineral concentration (fresh or salt water), food availability and general hardness

i feel like I’m missing something but I don’t know what it is

This is for a project.

Thank you!

EloiseG answers:

Carbonate hardness, plants, food qulity or content, substrate ,phospates fish type ie minow vs goldfish

 

{ 0 comments }


Oxygen Generator – Portable Oxygen Tanks Blog





Paul asks…

A MAN MADE MAGNETOSPHERE FOR MARS ?

since the interior of mars has cooled and mars has lost it’s protective magnetosphere could one be made in space between the sun and the planet by an artificial means say by wires configured in some sort of web strung between electrical generators/transformers to produce a Field or is it impossible? if it was possible would Mars regenerate itself into a more hospitable planet? one with water and oxygen?

EloiseG answers:

Something like HAARP may be able to contain an atmosphere.Nuclear mining might restart an atmosphere that liberates the water.It would take all the bombs we have ,but there is a better way with resonant interferometry that can be done from earth.

Steven asks…

I just wrote a chemistry paper. You mind critiquing it?

What is thermodynamics? Do you ever think about whether or not matter can be created or destroyed? “Thermodynamics is the branch of physics that deals with the conversions from one to another of various forms of energy and how these affect temperature, pressure, volume, mechanical action, and work.” The first theory of thermodynamics clearly states, energy “can not be created or destroyed” as stated in this website; http://www.physicalgeography.net/fundamentals/6e.html

The first law of thermodynamics is all about matter and energy. This law, often referred to as “the law of conservation of matter and energy”, proposes that energy can never be destroyed; it can only be displaced into another substance. For example, When you take a piece of metal, such as copper, and heat it in normal, room temperature air, it joins with the oxygen in the air. If you then were to weigh the copper, you’d find it to have a greater mass than that of the original piece of metal. However if you were to also weigh the mass of the oxygen of the air that combines with the metal, it would be shown that the mass of the product is equal to the sum of the masses of the copper and oxygen that combine. This behavior of matter is in accord with what is called the law of conservation of matter and energy.

Conversion of one type of matter into another are always accompanied by the conversion of one form of energy into another. Usually heat is leveled or absorbed, but sometimes the conversion involves light or electrical energy instead of heat. Many transformations of energy do not involve chemical changes. Electrical energy can be changed into either mechanical, light, heat or potential energy without chemical changes. Mechanical energy is converted into electrical energy in a generator. Potential and kinetic energy can be converted into one another. Many other conversions are possible, but all of the energy involved in any change always appears in some form after the change is completed.

In my opinion the first law of thermodynamics is used in everyday life without us even realizing it. Various things in our common dwelling places are effected by this law. Everything from a gasoline engine to a washer machine. They all include different forms of this law, we just fail to acknowledge it. So in conclusion, I’d like to say that the first law of thermodynamics is very important in our everyday life and it is also important that we grasp the concept of it. If we could learn to harness this law we could change the world as we know it. We just have to make the effort. Convert our potential energy into kinetic.

so if you would, can you tell me what i can do to make it better? that would be much appreciated.

EloiseG answers:

Really good paper

Michael asks…

Balancing equations chemistry help (please fill in the blanks)?!!?

In my class we did an experiment using an O2 and H2 generators. The O2 generator had H202 in it.
The H2 generator had some Zn and HCl in it.
So,
Hydrogen production= _____Zn +____HCl(aq) —> ___ZnCl2(aq)+____
Oxygen production= ____H202 —> _____H20 + ______
Please fill in these blanks for me!!! (the 2= the subscript)
If, in this experiment a 2:4 (H2:O2) mixture produced the best results, how would you show this in a balanced equation?? Thanks!!!

EloiseG answers:

Zn + 2HCl aq ==> ZnCl2 aq + H2
2H2O2 ===> 2H2O + O2

John asks…

If I wrap my o2 sensor in aluminum foil will it trick my computer into thinking the car is running rich?

OBD 2 OBDII HHO hydrogen generator o2 sensor efie map sensor maf sensor o2 sensor voltage adder trick o2 sensor oxygen sensor h20 cell water4gas water conversion hydrogen oxygen gas sensor
WHEN I SAY WRAP MY O2 SENSOR, I MEAN WRAPPING THE OUTSIDE OF IT IN FOIL NOT THE PART INSIDE THE EXHAUST. SEVERAL PEOPLE SAY THAT THIS WORKS BY MAKING THE COMPUTER THINK THAT THE EXHAUST HAS LESS OXYGEN IN IT AND MORE GAS.

EloiseG answers:

Buy one of those plug in comps so you can fool around with your air/fuel mix

{ 0 comments }


Oxygen Machines For Home Use – Portable Oxygen Tanks Blog





Paul asks…

Do i have pleurisy or something else?

For almost two months now, i’ve had pain on the left side of my chest whenever i inhale deeply. The pain has gotten worse than when i first started noticing it, as well as occurring more often. My doctor couldn’t find anything wrong, but thinks it might have something to do with my chest wall. He didn’t prescribe me anything or give me any treatment plans after that.

I have also been having some shortness of breath, sometimes occurring when just resting, and almost always occurring when exercising. I have been exercising for years, so this is really crippling me in terms of working out because when i struggle to breath just on the first few machines i get tired pretty quickly, and usually have to go home :( .

He said he didn’t hear anything wrong with my breathing either, and the oxygen transferred through blood (or whatever that test is where the put the thing on your finger to see oxygen levels being carried by blood) came back fine.

I’m really starting to miss exercising 4-5 times a week like i used to. It’s part of my life, and i really just want to get better so i can get back to it.

EloiseG answers:

Pleurisy is an infection of the pleural space, the area between the lung and the covering. It is very painful and produces a crackling sounds when you listen to the lungs, you are very sick. O2 levels can be reduced. You do NOT have pleurisy. Agree with a chest wall muscle problem.

EMT Paramedic

Nancy asks…

Can anyone make my cause and effect paragraph smaller?

Shoot for 8-9 sentences plz!!!

The Effects of Smoking

Smoking has many serious effects. The most obvious effect is the deterioration of a smoker’s health. Smoking increases the risk of lung disease, increases blood pressure, increases the risk of heart attacks, and reduces the flow of oxygen to the brain. Smoking creates respiratory problems. A smoker’s cough expels phlegm, a thick mucus in the nose and the throat that wants to escape the body. Prolonged use may lead to emphysema and the need to hook up to a machine to pump enough oxygen into the lungs. Another effect of this habit is that smoking breeds halitosis; a smoker’s breath always smells foul and repulsive. Smoking frequently results in social isolation because fewer people smoke or want to be in the presence of asecond-hand smoke. Friends and acquaintances often bluntly tell their smoking friends that they don’t want the smell in their cars or in their homes. The strong, offensive odor of smoke clings to smokers’ clothing, hair, and skin. The final effect of smoking is that is depletes the pocketbook. Smoking is now an expensive habit, and the price of cigarettes continues to rise. The effects of smoking are many, which leaves one wondering why intelligent people do not find a way to break their harmful addition.

EloiseG answers:

Tip Top Tips

Don’t repeat yourself, use connectives instead of new sentences, cut out unnecessary words, cut out bit that say “people tell them”. Most of this is actually almost the same information, just worded differently, explained more or less or stating the obvious.

George asks…

What does the body go through when Morphine is used in end stages of life?

I need to have this answered. i need to wrap my mind around the process. My mom passed away Saturday from COPD. She spent 5 days dying in the hospital. On the 4th day we decided (since she was end stage 4 and there was nothing we could do). to give the morphine drip by machine for comfort measures. She started at 2 mg and ended at 5mg. Im not sure how many minute intervals it was administered. What gets me is that the nurses told us that she coudl hear everything and a few times she roused she did hear what we had said. For the last 12-18 hours she just laid there. She had to sit upright due to fluid in her lungs but her eyes were completly closed and she didnt move. So is it safe to say that she probably wasnt sleeping the whole time? She was awake with her eyes shut? Was she laying there getting frustrated because she woudl hear things and could not respond? All she wanted to do was go home. Even when she was on 4mg of morphine she roused once and tried to get up. So could she have been screaming inside and not able to do anything? I guess I just ask if she was trapped within her own body? I just dont get it. Also about 5 hours before her passing I went to adjust her in bed and her head, neck and shoulders were as stiff as a board. her fingers nad nails were blue but her skin was warm and sweaty a tad. Why was that? They say she wasnt gone. I feel like she was gone and her body was used to pumping therefor it too a bit for the heart and lungs to catch up. Kind of like a habbit. She was breathing 1-2 breaths a minute for 12 hours or so. I assume she had lack of oxygen to the brain and could have been brain dead by not being able to expel the ocygen she was taking in?

Any insight would be wonderful.

EloiseG answers:

I’m not entirely sure but 2 of my family members passed on Morphine and the doctor said with little time in critically ill patients it starts to slow down the heart,breathing and brain activity.It is a good way to pass pain free.

Helen asks…

I have many Ideas for Novels, but being a teenager , people rarely take me seriously. Help?

I have written many short stories, so far my longest is 12 pages long in 16 font. I am in the 7TH grade
my stories include-

1.)Writer Series 1-3

2.) Quest Series 1-3

3.) wolf Series far only one, here is beginning-

It started as the first step to artificial life. Forty-eight specifically chosen human chromosomes to create the perfect killing machine, plus some minor details such as hair and eye color. The chromosomes were put in a machine that closely resembled an atom splitter, except instead of splitting atoms it put them together. It took a year to develop this, the chromosomes would start to become a human child unlike anything before it. They fed the fetus, making sure it would grow to be perfect for the birth. It often fell into a seizure like state in which they would shock it. That always worked. Nine and a half months later exactly on 12:36, December second, 2010, three children were born. Only two showed any signs of life immediately the doctor who created the procedure took the children. His name, Dr. Connor Moore. This man smelled of Wine, wore fine clothes, brown combed hair and dark blue eyes. Neatly dressed from head to toe, no way you could tell he created this procedure. But the other child you ask? The last one that Moore didn’t Take? Well, he was put in an adult body bag with just enough oxygen to last the child two hours, air which it used up very quickly while crying. In what was to be its last moments of its brief time here on earth, a women by the name Susan Mcbrides found it. She was a fine woman, dishwater blonde hair blue-green eyes, a nice tan only twenty years old, and very sophisticated. She took it home to her fiance, Gregory Salt. Gregory had brown hair which sometimes looked black he was skinny to the contrary tall and semi muscular glasses on top of his head he owned his own computer software company that was about to buy out Microsoft in its entirety. He was the perfect man for Susan except one thing, he had AIDS and wanted no risk of ever passing it on to Susan. So he agreed to the adoption. They went to city hall and obtained and official State of Colorado birth certificate. They named their child Eric Alexander Salt, for they were to be married in a week. Why tell you all of this? Isn’t the story about the other two? No, this story is about me Eric Salt.

what do you think?

EloiseG answers:

Sweatheart, I understand this problem, as a fellow young writer, and I have been since second grade. I’m no longer as young as you(15, grade 10) but I have had the same problem with ideas since I was seven years old that no ones takes seriously. I just wrote them. I recently finished completing my first novel and hope to send it to a publisher through my agent by may. So, you want help? Just write, write, and keep writing. They’ll take you seriously when you get published! :)
Oh, and a word of advice: NEVER put book ideas like that online! It’s so easily for people to steal them and claim them as their own.

Joseph asks…

Just for you opinion….(how was this story written?)?

He told me one last story. He used his aged, ruined voice like an old man’s hands to pick the lock on his past.
The heavy rain beating violently against the glass window was not the only thing that prevented me from hearing him clearly. It was a strain to lean forward, towards the hospital bed as he spoke through the oxygen mask. Despite the late hour, he had called for me to his side and this could only mean that he was certain he could not get through the night.
My hatred for him seemed to have vaporized when I peered into his sad eyes which mirrored my own sorrow. After all, he was my uncle and only remaining relative alive .I should carry out his dying wish in return for the years I took refuge at his home.
“I apologise for the way I have treated you in the past,” He said, before he turned his face away from me. I wasn’t prepared to forgive him until I saw a tear appear at the corner of his eye and roll down his cheek. Unable to see a dying man so tormented, I said” Uncle Jerry, please don’t cry, I understand you had to be harsh with me and I forgive you.”
Much to my surprise, he grabbed my wrist and with such determination in his voice he cried,” you don’t understand! Your boyfriend did not choose money over you. It was I who prevented him from meeting you. You can’t marry a lowly guy like him.”Too shocked for words, I could only shake my head in denial as my lower lip began quivering and tears gathered blurring my vision. I tried to pry myself from his grasp as he continued to stare into my eyes. His glace was cold and it seemed to draw the life force out of me and convert it into his strength.
I wanted very much to run away .Now I had more reason to hate him. In a final attempt, I managed to break free from his clutches but tripped over a wire before crashing to the ground.
He stretched his bony hand in my direction and I desperately backed up against the wall trying my best to increase the distance between the two of us. His breathing grew heavy and his chest rose and fell rapidly then his eyes rolled backward until only the whites could be seen. Froth was emerging from his mouth and his body jerked sporadically .All at once, he suddenly laid still.
“Beeeeeeeeeeeeeep…!”The machine produced a piercing continuous sound and a green line flashed across its screen .I inserted the plug back into the socket and the oxygen levels jumped from zero back to an eighty percent.
Nurses and doctors flocked to the scene. Someone guided me out of the room and said something in a soothing voice similar to my mother’s when she tried to comfort me every time I awoke from nightmares.
I had everything: Wealth, happiness, the love of my life and a loving family. Until that fateful day, of my parents’ death when he robbed me of all I had. In spite of his vicious deeds, everyone thought it was kind of him to look after a poor orphan .He was a mastery of trickery and had managed to deceive everyone. Soon, he grew accustomed to the power and dominance over people that wealth had given him and claimed full dictatorship over my every move.
When his mood was sour or I happened to make a silly mistake, I had to be “disciplined” with a cane. The marks from the wounds he had inflicted upon me still remain even though years had passed.
Now I no longer have to fear him for he is gone forever. Should I feel guilty for what has happen? Was he suffering all these years because he regretted his actions? Looking back, I do recall certain times when he seemed to show real concern for my wellbeing. I know I hate him but why do I feel the similar sensation of the pain of losing someone dear to me. Watching him lie motionless on the hospital bed, I came to a shocking realisation. I had loved him, treated him as a substitute for my dad and he in turn had cared for me but expressed his feelings in a twisted way.
How was I to tell him I am sorry when his soul has already departed for the other world? If only this discovery had been made earlier…

EloiseG answers:

I think that’s very good. Remember, though, to indent the paragraphs and all dialogue should start in a separate paragraph, otherwise it becomes very confusing. It is well written, though, and an excellent story. There’s talent lurking there!!!
Good luck

{ 0 comments }


Oxygen Tanks Medical – Portable Oxygen Tanks Blog





Carol asks…

how normal is it for infants who were born early to need an oxygen tank to breathe properly?

and which conditions would cause this type of thing? how serious? and when do most go off of their oxygen machine? is it really necessary for many or is this just a modern medical industry making money?

please explain what you can.

thanks for your answers!

EloiseG answers:

Yes 9 times out of 10 a premature baby will need assistance with there breathing, usually because of underdeveloped lungs and respitory distress syndrome. But even full term babies need this due to health problems.
There are several forms of oxygen assistance including ventilation, cpap, and vapatherm.
Being on it to long can actually damage the airways and babies can develop pulmonary vascular disease among other things. My son was on oxygen his whole life and the second Doctors would try withdraw his treatment or even decrease the pressure it went in, his oxygen saturation dipped dangerously low.
I do not believe its just a way for modern medical industry to make there money, Its just about modern industry developing new and improved equipment that without babies wouldnt stand a chance!

William asks…

What is the color of the tank used for Nitrous Oxide (Laughing Gas)?

Can anyone give me the international color used for medical tanks such as oxygen tank…,carbon dioxide tank??? (In the Hospitals)

EloiseG answers:

Green or Blue, for medicine and dentistry and chrome for other uses.

According to Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nitrous_Oxide
“Nitrous oxide (also called dinitrogen oxide or dinitrogen monoxide) is a chemical compound with the chemical formula N2O. At room temperature, it is a colorless non-flammable gas, with a pleasant, slightly sweet odor and taste. It is used in surgery and dentistry for its anesthetic and analgesic effects. It is commonly known as “laughing gas” due to the euphoric effects of inhaling it, a property that has led to its non-medical use as an inhalant drug. It is also used in motor racing to increase the power output of engines. It is also sometimes called nos.”

This picture shows a blue and green tank: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:N2O_Medical_Tanks.jpg
Medical grade Nitrous Oxide tanks used in dentistry.

Oddly enough it has been used as propellant in Whipping Cream so there is another color.

Maria asks…

Can I buy anything such as an oxygen tank or something to help me breathe better over counter at walmart or…?

walgreens any kind of store ? I have a really hard time breathing I dont smoke and my inhaler doesn’t work too well for this I used to use an oxygen tank and it worked so well

But I do not have money for medical insurance so I cannot go to the doctor anymore.

please get back to me I really need something thank you.

EloiseG answers:

Nope sorry. Oxygen is considered a prescription only drug and as such requires a doc prescription. Plus it is pretty pricey on a monthly basis. Sorry.

Let me rephrase that. You can in fact buy a tank but a prescription is required to get the oxygen.

Sandy asks…

What is the US customs law on portable medical equipment?

I plan to bring with me 1 piece of M6 oxygen cylinder tank with 0-8 LPM click style regulator. It’s an empty tank. Can I take this in my check-in luggage? I will travel to the Phils.

EloiseG answers:

It’s not Customs you need to worry about — it’s the Transportation Security Administration (TSA) that regulates that. Usually, required medical equipment is allowed on planes, but since we’re talking about an oxygen tank (which can be VERY flammable) I’m not 100% sure they’d allow you to take it. Best thing to do is check the TSA web site (http://www.tsa.gov/)

Ruth asks…

Where can I buy a tank like the one used in the movie ‘no country for old men’?

I’m trying to complete the anton chigurh costume. I’ve tried medical supply stores but you need a license for oxygen tanks. Any ideas?

EloiseG answers:

Fellow Anton. I’m also being Anton Chigurh for Halloween. So just don’t come to San Francisco or Oakland to try to show me up.

Ok, I had an old fire extinguisher that I wrapped in silver tape (metallic shiny tape, you can by at the hardware store). So you could purchase an uncharged fire extinguisher, wrap it in tape, by a piece of red tubing and a tire pump part. After Halloween charge the fire extinguisher, it’s safe to have one around anyway. Either way go to the hardware store and they can at least give you some ideas.

You could also try a party supply store the rest oxygen tanks, helium tanks, maybe they could rent you one that isn’t charged.

Donald asks…

Oxygen chamber for rabbit?

My rabbit got attacked by my dog. Ill make sure she never gets in the rabbit’s pen again. Soon after, she started wheezing, then her eyes became watery and she bled from her nose. This was on a saturday and the vet wasn’t open on weekends. On monday (yesterday) I took her to the vet who put her on some oxygen, gave her 0.6 cc of antibiotics, and some fluids. I took some antibiotics home to give her every 12 hours. The vet recommended that I rent an oxygen tank and mask at a medical supply place, and most of the ones I call are not respiratory licensed. The ones that are just have a concentrator that I can rent for a week. After calling the pet hospital back I spoke to another vet who said that he doubts I can get an oxygen tank that will last long enough (atleast 24 hours) and that I’d need to put her in an enclosed box (not completely airtight) and this is somehow supposed to give her more oxygen than being outside, or in a well ventilated room? Is giving her Nyquil a bad idea?
Thanks all who answered. I’m glad for these forums because for one thing it prevented me from giving her Nyquil. The reason why the vent told me to rent the oxygen tank was because otherwise they would need to keep her at the hospital for 3 days on oxygen, and they gave me a price range of $600-$800, with only a prognosis of 25% recovery rate. I asked them if I could just pay the $118 for exam+antibiotics+fluid and buy an oxygen tank and mask myself, so the vet suggested I rent one. I’m not sure why the suspected recovery rate was so low, because surprisingly she is doing better now. She is still having labored breathing but it is not as intense or loud as it were yesterday. I had to force feed her yesterday, but now she is eating the mashed pellets and baby food herself.
Also, I found out that rabbits are social animals so I thought I would let my other female rabbit Phoebe in the room with her. Cutegirl (the sick rabbit that needed oxygen) hopped over to her and started humping her. I couldn’t believe it. They usually got along fine. She chased her around the room until Phoebe ran to the back of her carrier. I’m sure Cutegirl is a female because I got her recently from Craigslist and the vet confirmed her pregnancy because she’s losing fur on her belly from making a nest. They’re also both adult rabbits and don’t have those testes like the males do. So I don’t know why she’s acting like this, I’m assuming it’s out of discomfort, but at least it shows that she has some strength left. Does that mean she’ll probably recover?
Dottidal, yes they have two vets that are experienced with rabbits from the hospital. I found their info from House Rabbit Society’s site at www.rabbit.org in the vets section. Thanks for the link, I will bookmark it.

EloiseG answers:

NYQUIL? Of course that’s a bad idea!! Why would you do that? Take the animal to the vet and have it put out of its misery properly.

Lisa asks…

Technicalities on increasing air/fuel ratio and supplementing with?

So pretty much I want to supplement air for combustible gas(hydrogen gas) and increase the ratio of air/fuel so that I waste less fuel. Does this sound like it would work, where would I inject the gasto get the greatest efficiency. Ultimately my goal would be to replace the hole fuel system with gas injection supplied by high pressure gas containers, but I do not have the money to implement that system. After all, fueled injectors only work with liquid correct, so it would not be as easy as switching the supply to the injectors. please, any information would be greatly appreciated, I plan on using medical oxygen tanks, and have been told they have pressure release valves in case the tank heats up.

EloiseG answers:

First off, i am assuming you are talking about converting an existing gas powered vehicle… If so:
in short, yes, its POSSIBLE to convert a vehicle over to hydrogen gas, however, to do it with everyday get in, start up, drive away reliability, it will take years, and millions of dollars in Research and Development… Think for a second, if a car manufacturer could do this, why wouldnt they be doing it already? Ford, GM, BMW, Diamler, etc, all have BILLIONS of capital to invest into this, and they are, but even they are still years away from it.
However, a gaseous state fuel system has already been implemented before, using CNG, compressed natural gas, to power a vehicle. Several municipalities such as local police agencies, city vehicles, etc were powered by cng. They do so by storing it in large (2×4 foot) cylinders in the trunk, and run a separate full ine to the vehicles intake manifold, where a dedicated set of injectors feed the metered gas into the engine. Cng burns similar to gasoline, so the car’s computer is able to adjust the air/fuel ratio along with ignition timing accordingly for normal ,reliable operation. These cars achieve similar mpg as a gasoline powered car, because cng’s btu rating is close to gasoline’s.
Motorsports has used additional gaseous injection technology for years, aka NOS, or nitrous oxide, N20, which cools the air charge going into a motor, making it denser, and increasing the oxygen content of the air, allowing MORE FUEL to be burnt. When using nitrous, you must supply MORE fuel to the engine to compensate for the additional oxygen content of the air. It creates more power, while using more gas, in other words, major decrease in mpg…
You must understand, for increased performance, more energy must be consumed, whether it be by more gasoline, or additional substances into the combustion chamber…
You can also increase mpg by simply performing routine maintenance on your car, keeping the tires inflated is a huge mpg gain… As well as changing the air filter, spark plugs, oil, etc.
Do not believe water4gas scams, etc. Think about this, gas stations have special devices to keep water out of gasoline, because it will hamper its ability to burn, why the hell would you want to inject it back into your gas again??? And injecting un-metered hydrogen and oxygen (which is what all those water gas scams do, through electrolysis (electronic-splitting) of water) is an easy way to cause detonation in your engine and destroy it, fast!
Lastly, dont try to alter the air/fuel ratio on your vehicle, most naturally aspirating (non forced induction) cars run at a 14:1 stoicometric ratio of air to fuel, which provides the best compromise between combustion efficiency and cylinder temperature. A lower a/f ratio, ie 10:1 means you burn more fuel, which lowers combustion temps, but wastes fuel, as it doesnt completely burn; and a higher a/f ratio will increase combustion temps, likely burning through a piston, melting a cylinder, or causing preignition (DETONATION) which will destroy your engine fast.
Lesson: maintain your vehicle, learn to modify driving habits to maximize efficiency, and you will increase your mpg. There is no such thing as a free lunch, don’t buy into all the scam b.s.
True hydrogen fuel cars will utilize hydrogen as a fuel for a proton exchange membrane, creating voltage potential, which will be used to power electric motors in the car. The internal combustion engine can only be so efficient, because quite simply, blowing up gas in a metal chamber gives off a lot of heat energy, which is lost, and requires lots of moving parts, which lose energy due to friction, so until the day that we create a cold running, frictionless internal combustion engine, we will never fully utilize all of the energy in gasoline, or any other fuel for that matter.

{ 0 comments }


Oxygen Therapy – Portable Oxygen Tanks Blog





Maria asks…

urgent need the difference in hyperbaric oxygen therapy tank 1.3 &1.5 atm?

boy brain dead from drowing. receiving treatment showing improvement. $ is high found hyperbaric oxygen therapy tank 1.3 atm with concentrator. current using 1.5 need what is difference or where to get the info thank u all

EloiseG answers:

Contact the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medicine Society

http://www.uhms.org/

410-257-6606

James asks…

If oxygen isn’t flammable, why do people care if people smoke around a person with respiratory oxygen therapy

According to a chemistry college text, oxygen is not flammable, but hydrogen is.

EloiseG answers:

The oxygen itself will not burn, but the oxygen mask or cannula, clothing, skin, hair, and anything else that can act as a fuel WILL.

We have to be careful in the OR because it is a high oxygen environment, and things like surgical drapes and endotracheal tubes will combust if a laser or cautery ignites them. Airway fires can be awful, even deadly.

There is also the issue of not smoking around people with lung disease, so as to not further cripple their lungs, but that has nothing to do with flammability.

William asks…

what is hyperbaric oxygen therapy?

 

EloiseG answers:

At sea level the atmospheric pressure is about 15 pounds per square inch, or 100 kPa (kilopascals), or 760 mm Hg (millimeters of mercury) or 30 inches of mercury, or 15 psi (pounds per square inch) or 1 bar. Please note, for simplicity I have rounded off extensively. At this pressure the air we breathe is about 20 % oxygen.

With hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) the patient is put in a pressure chamber usually filled with 100% oxygen. The pressure is increased to two atmospheres, or twice the normal atmospheric pressure. This increased pressure drives oxygen into the tissues and plasma, and the body is less dependent on the oxygen-hemoglobin dissociation curve and the circulation of blood.

Hyperbaric therapy was first used with caisson workers and deep sea divers suffering from the bends. HBOT was next used to treat carbon monoxide poisoning, gas gangrene, tetanus (not sure of this), and more recently victims of stroke. It is being investigated for the treatment of spinal cord injuries and cerebral palsy.

Lizzie asks…

Does Oxygen Therapy help Migraines?

 

EloiseG answers:

First of all there is no cure for migraines. All those prescription migraine medications are is a ton of caffeine. First you need to find out what is causing your migraines. Some of the most common migraine triggers are everyday foods. Anything with monosodium glutimate -or MSG-in it, aged cheeses, and even somethings with sulfites in it-like wine-can trigger migraines. The only way to avoid migraines is to avoid the triggers. I get severe migraines, below i will list the things that trigger mine. I good way that have proven to lessen migraines is to take magnesium every day.
The only cheeses i can have are:
provalone, swiss, velveeta(used to be made with cheddar chees which i cannot have, but isn’t made with cheddar anymore), american, feta, and Havarti.

Thomas asks…

oxygen therapy facial treatments?

machines forsale

EloiseG answers:

You’ve got to be kidding. Does someone out there actually believe oxygen is going to help their skin?

{ 0 comments }


Oxygen Generator – Portable Oxygen Tanks Blog





Lisa asks…

Hydrogen/pneumatic “hybrid” car concept?

If we can run a car from high pressure air and fuel cells run on a much lower pressure of hydrogen then why not combine both and use the hydrogen in the “pneumatic engine”/turbine before it goes to the fuel cell?

This mechanical power could run a generator and/or even the compressor/dehydrator that compresses and dehydrates the atmospheric air used as an oxygen supplier (that process ordinarily requires energy produced by the fuel cell, reducing efficiency).

Why waste the energy that went into compressing the hydrogen by not using it?

EloiseG answers:

You make a good point; and to add to your question; can the ‘cold’ fuel be harnessed to elevate the efficiency of a sterling cycle, pre-engine? Seems like theres room for that too.

Robert asks…

B1. Preparation?

Mix thoroughly about 5 grams of potassium chlorate with one gram of manganese dioxide in a clean dry watch glass.
Transfer the mixture into the ignition/ generator tube.
Start heating the generator tube slowly.
Allow few bubbles to escape before collecting oxygen into the test tubes.
Fill at least 3 test tubes and cover with cork under water.

Q1. How is oxygen gas collected?

Q2. Why could this method be done?
Please write the equation:

EloiseG answers:

Q1. How is oxygen gas collected?
By bubbling through water and expelling water from a water-filled upside-down test tube, to avoiding the mixing with N2.

Q2. Why could this method be done?
The solubility of O2 in water is very small. Also, O2 does not react with water.

Please write the equation:
2KClO3 –(?, MnO2)–> 2KCl + 3O2

Donna asks…

B1. Preparation?

Mix thoroughly about 5 grams of potassium chlorate with one gram of manganese dioxide in a clean dry watch glass.
Transfer the mixture into the ignition/ generator tube.
Start heating the generator tube slowly.
Allow few bubbles to escape before collecting oxygen into the test tubes.
Fill at least 3 test tubes and cover with cork under water.

Q1. How is oxygen gas collected?

Q2. Why could this method be done?
Please write the equation:

EloiseG answers:

A1: Let the oxygen bubble through water. Put a test tube filled with water up-side-down over the oxygen bubbles

A2: MnO2 serves as the catalyst.
2KClO3(s) ? 3O2(g) + 2KCl(s)

Richard asks…

B1. Preparation?

Mix thoroughly about 5 grams of potassium chlorate with one gram of manganese dioxide in a clean dry watch glass.
Transfer the mixture into the ignition/ generator tube.
Start heating the generator tube slowly.
Allow few bubbles to escape before collecting oxygen into the test tubes.
Fill at least 3 test tubes and cover with cork under water.

Q1. How is oxygen gas collected?

Q2. Why could this method be done?
Please write the equation:

EloiseG answers:

1…By the upward displacement of air.
2…Because Oxygen is heavier than air.
O2 mol.mass = 32; Air = about 28.

David asks…

ASAP Help PLEASE?

Hydrogen gas has the potential as a clean fuel in reaction with oxygen. The relevant reaction is
2H2(g)+O2(g) ===> 2H2O(l)

Consider two possible ways of utilizing this reaction as an electrical energy source: (i) Hydrogen and oxygen gases are combusted and used to drive a generator, much as coal is currently used in the electric power industry; (ii) hydrogen and oxygen gases are used to generate electricity directly by using fuel cells that operate at 85 *C.

1) Use data in Appendix C in the textbook to calculate Delta H* (in kJ) for the above reaction. We will assume that these values do not change appreciably with temperature.

2) Use data in Appendix C in the textbook to calculate Delta S* (in J) for the above reaction. We will assume that these values do not change appreciably with temperature.

EloiseG answers:

Both delta H and delta S are calculated the same way. The delta H (or S) of reaction is the sum of the enthalpy (or entropy) of each product minus the sum of the enthalpy (or entropy) of each reactant.

Delta H(rxn)=sum[delta H(products)] – sum[delta H(reactants)]

In this case:
delta H(rxn)= 2(H* H2O(l)) – 2(H* H2) – H* O2

Keep in mind that enthalpy for species in their standard states (e.g. O2) is zero but the entropy is not.

Mark asks…

water, electrolysis, gas, pipeline?

Hi, I can’t sleep, so I started looking at these questions, and thought about some old questions.
Would wind power be enough to generate electrolysis?
If it is enough, then could someone use a wind mill power generator thingy, to power an electrolysis plant, to turn sea water into hydrogen and oxygen ( I’d guesss there would be some kind of nasty byproducts from the salt), but, the gases would be separately pumped up hill into the mountains (easier than liquid water) then up in the mountains the gases would be recombined, by burning them ( where this procedure could be used to fuel more electricity generators) and the product of burning these gases would be water vapour, which could be collected and condesed into liquid water, which could be used to top up the rivers and fill the dams.
But I have no idea about the types of numbers involved.
And I’m just being an insomniac, too tired to think straight, but just can’t fall off to sleep.
what if it’s fresh water, would that help the problem of pumping water up hill, ?
If a desalination plant was used to get rid of the salt, then the water was split into hydrogen and oxygen pumped up hill and recombined. would that save energy? probably not, it’d probably take too much energy to electrolyse the water in the first place. oh well it’s 5:35 am I’d better at least try to get some sleep.

EloiseG answers:

Pumping water would be easier.

Also, the salt in the sea water means you get hydrogen and chlorine from electrolysis instead of hydrogen and oxygen.

{ 1 comment }


Oxygen Machines For Breathing – Portable Oxygen Tanks Blog





Susan asks…

Living in a world without trees?

Would it be possible for humans to live in a world (lets take Earth or Mars) without any trees whatsoever. I know that trees reduce pollution, reduce temperatures, and they also convert carbon dioxide into oxygen, something essential for life. Trees are also shelters for animals and provide for the soil and earth as a whole.

So here’s a question (scientific point of view), what would the effects be without a world of trees? Would we die instantaneously? Would we all have to be put on breathing machines? Would all of the glaciers melt and flood the world?

What if? I’d love to hear feedback on this question

EloiseG answers:

Trees grow where precipitation is sufficient to support the larger pants needs. Climate & geography shapes where forests and grasslands or deserts are found.

So if the planet cannot support forests or woodlands then it has insufficient freshwater arriving from rain. This would mean no large bodies of marine water evaporating. Small populations can survive in deserts with xeric conditions but our planet has a large marine ecosystem that provides freshwater and influences the climate to make the planet livable.

Mary asks…

Is it possible for someone to live if they only have a small piece of a lung left?

My aunt has COPD and recently was having trouble with breathing. She went to the doctors and they ran tests and found she only had a small piece of her lung left. She was put on a oxygen machine to help her breath. I was told though that the oxygen machine would only help a little. So i am asking for professional answers please.

EloiseG answers:

The only professional answers here would come from a Pulmonogist specialist

I have end stage copd and have 19% lung function left. It is a day to day struggle and my mobility is very little. No cooking, cleaning and driving anymore but, I can still talk, laugh and enjoy my day to day as long a I take care of my self. I have been in end stage on on oxygen at a 5 liter setting since Dec 2008. Many people with end stage live a long time. Compel her to get educated in her disease. That will be her best defense.

Exercise, medication and surrounding her with postive pro active people will keep her with you far longer than living in darkness and fear.

Good luck and God bless

Steven asks…

Why can’t my grandmother breathe on her own?

My grandmother is 80 years old, and is in late stage Alzhiemer’s Disease. Almost four weeks ago, she somehow broke the proof lock to the laundry room, and accidentaly drank around 5oz. of Pine Sol Cleaner. Poison control was immediately called, and they said to watch her closely and if she starts to vomit within the next hour, she must go to Emerg. She started vomitting within the hour. Her having late stage Alzhiemer’s, she looked much like she did not know how to vomit. I had her crouched over so she wouldn’t choke while vomitting. While this was happening I called 9-1-1. After about 5-7 minutes of vomitting a frothy yellow-ish type substance, she passed out. She went totally limp and was completely passed out and un-responsive. The paramedics arrived and bagged her immediately, hooked her up to the vital monitor, and she was in fact breathing, but still un-responsive to sound or painful stimuli. Upon arrival to the ER I was not able to go into the room but they started working in her immediately. The doctor informed us that she is very ill, and may not survive. Shortly after arrival she was intubated & hooked up to a breathing machine & transferred to the intensive-care unit. The doctor believed she aspirated the vomit, causing the chemical to enter her lungs. Her intubation tube was being suctioned every 2-3 hours in the ICU, with Pine Sol coming out of her lungs each time. She was on Propofol IV drip (sedation) 24/7 while intubated. Her vitals remained stable, with her oxygen stats at 98-100%, a normal BP, and Heart Rate. She was un-intubated on the 4th day in ICU. She woke-up and was 100% responsive to sound and stimuli. She was having conversations, and sitting up in a wheel chair. She was also eating full meals. This lasted for 2 days. After 2 days, her heart rate and BP started to rise, and she became very agitated, and was having a hard time breating. At this point, the doctor put her on a Bi-Pap machine, which forces air into the lungs via a mask put over the nose/mouth. This did not work well. It also caused her abdomen to become swollen and expand. After a day of this, she had to be re-intubated. Once again, put on heavy sedation and completely un-responsive. She has now been intubated ever since. Vitals remaining stable. Today, she went in for a tracheostomy surgery, because her intubation tube must come out to avoid damage to vocal cords and such. Her surgery went well and now she’s back in ICU hooked-up to the breathing machine via the trache. She’s being fed through a tube through the nose (which is going to also need to come out soon and put through her abdomen instead, to avoid nasal damage). A few days before her surgery while intubated she was taken off the IV Propofol drip at 8AM, and by 5PM she still hadn’t woken up. IV drip sedation is short-acting and wears off in 10 minutes. She had a cat scan and did not show any brain damage upon original arrival to the hospital.

I’ve researched this, and it seems like she didn’t ingest enough Pine Sol to have all of this happen. 5oz is a very little amount, and i’m very concerned as to why she isn’t waking up when taken off the IV sedation drip, and why she still isn’t able to breath on her own. Right now she’s on 35% oxygen, for every breath the machine takes, she takes one. Without the machine, her heart rate went up into the almost 200′s, and her BP sky-rocketed. Why is this happening? Why can’t she breathe on her own still? and why didn’t she wake-up off the IV sedation drip? Please, can any doctor provide me with information?

Thank you.

EloiseG answers:

I’m not a doctor but – my only guess is perhaps Pine-Sol poisons the body slowly, like an overdose of aspirin. I know that if you take a load of aspirin, and your stomach is pumped, you stand a chance of passing away anyway if enough of the chemical has gotten into your blood. I’m not sure. But reading that made me sad, and I wanted to say good luck to you and your grandmother. :(

Helen asks…

What is a good, battery-powered electrical generator?

My father is ill and uses an oxygen machine. God forbid the power goes out, he won’t be able to breathe. Is there a reliable generator that someone could recommend for this?

EloiseG answers:

I think I know what you mean.

You are looking for a standby generator with an automatic transfer switch. This equipment will sense the loss of utility power, start the generator, and transfer the power automatically. Will also reverse the process when utility power is restored. No human contact is necessary.

This connects directly into your house electrical panel. There are many types, sizes, and manufacturers available. Way too many variables to get into in this forum. I’m afraid that this is not a DIY job. You really need to be contacting a reputable local electrical contractor for information on this. They are the only one who can correctly evaluate your needs and set this up correctly.

Also, any decent oxygen provider should have provided backup tanks to supplement the concentrator machine for just this sort of scenario. If this was not done, find out why and insist on it.

Sharon asks…

How do astronauts re-create oxygen?

Sometimes astronauts go on trips for months, and i want to know, how they manage to keep a steady supply of air if they are constantly breathing. do they have a machine that allows to turn CO2 back into oxygen?
as in, when they run out of air, what do they do?

EloiseG answers:

Oxygen is replenished from tanks brought by supply ships to the ISS. No one has gone farther than a week’s trip (to the moon in 1968-72 period).
There is no regeneration of CO2 to oxygen. There are scrubber chemicals to clean most of the CO2 out of spacecraft and the ISS.
The Russians have developed a fluids recycling plant for the ISS, but not yet for the oxygen. There are plans to make plants in hydroponic units do the job.

Donna asks…

I have to make an important decision–Surgery?

I have a pretty major decision to make regarding surgery. I am 17 years old and although I am not overweight (I am 5’11 and 160 pounds, muscular build) I have sleep apnea. I’ve got it pretty badly–in a sleep study I did a few weeks ago, I averaged 7 times an hour in which I stopped breathing (for 8 hours a night, that equals an average of 56 times in one night!) and each time, my oxygen level fell to 73 (which is very low). As a result, my doctor referred me to an ENT (Ear Nose & Throat doctor). I had the appointment today, and the results were that my tonsils are insanely large (almost twice the size they should normally be), my adenoids have grown back (I had them removed when I was 6, but apparently the damn things came back!), and my uvula (little dangly thing in the back of your throat) is gargantuan.

The ENT gave me these options:
1. Have the surgery to take out the adenoids, tonsils, and most of my uvula (if not the whole thing). The issue is that it’s only a 50/50 chance that the surgery will make a major difference in my apnea and actually cure it. It’s almost certain that it will help, but only a 50% chance that it will majorly help me. I would be out for about a week and a half to 2 weeks, including no work, no school (not that big of an issue for me…I’ve got senioritis already), no driving, etc. Basically being homebound for 2 weeks. That, and this surgery will cost several thousand dollars.

2. Don’t have the surgery and instead go straight to a CPAP or BiPap machine (breathing machine to use at night to provide air pressure to keep my airway open so that I can breathe somewhat normally). This will not cure my apnea in any way, but it will make it manageable. It’s not a cure, just a treatment device.This also won’t keep my apnea from getting worse in the future as the surgery could. This machine will also cost a few thousand dollars.

3. Don’t have the surgery or the machine, but continue life the way it is. I really don’t want to do this (I am exhausted almost all the time) and I want the problem to be fixed, but this one doesn’t cost any money–money which we may soon not have (my dad works for GM…’nuff said).

I know it’s my decision (and my family’s) in the long run, but I really need advice on this. This is a life-changing decision, and if I don’t treat this it can and probably will kill me later in my life. Honestly I’m leaning towards #1 because that could actually fix the problem–#2 would just give me a machine which would help, but not fix the root problem. I figure if I’m ‘broken’ I should have the surgery to ‘fix’ it, not just something to help but still be broken.

What do you think? I really need advice…

EloiseG answers:

My first inclination is to tell you to go with the surgery. Still, because it is such a hugh decision, have you considered getting a second and third opinion? Go with the dominant recommendation.
The very best to you.

Mandy asks…

My mom died two years ago when i was 17?

I do not know how to cope. i was her nurse for more than half my child hood, my sister did not give a damn and my dad was an alcoholic…My mom was in and out of hospitals my whole life… she has many different kinds of arthritis was morbidly obese and im 90 pounds 5’2″ so…she was doing good not too bad considering how she was… monday she went in… thursday she died… i had gotten a call from the hospital five minutes before i arrived, i walked into the room when they started taking off the first machine to try and keep her alive, her eyes were still open, i had to ask the nurse to close them… i also have regret because she was on a breathing machine at one hundred percent oxygen, i was the only one who could understand her… then night before she had passed she had asked me to spend the night but i told her i had work in the morning. She said she would write me a check, i think she knew she passed but i do not know i just need some advise please…im now nineteen and an alcoholic. the first year after she passed i was drunk every day… help

EloiseG answers:

I think it’d be better for you to see a psychologist instead of asking here, sweetie. You’re in college right now, right? Usually college’s offer psychological services to their students for free, so i think it’d be best for you to go. If you’re not in college, you still need to go to see one, even if it costs you a lot of money, it’s better than continuing to drink and ruining your life, right? What matters more, money or peace of mind? It’s your peace of mind; it’s you who matters the most.

I’m sorry i cant be of much help. I’ve never faced a loss like that before, so i can only imagine how terrible it must be for you. Just try to calm down and talk to someone you trust, whether that’s a psychologist or a friend, you need someone who you can tell and who can help you overcome this burden.

But let me just say this. It is NOT your fault your mother died. You did everything you could for her, you were the best daughter anyone could have wished for. It’s not your fault. So please don’t cry, ok? Please dont drink anymore. You may not feel like it right now, but you’ll be okay in the future. You just need a little support, so go see a psychologist who can help you, ok sweetie?

Charles asks…

I was diagnosed with Pneumonia on Friday.?

The doctor prescribed me Doxycillin and I am done taking those, I went back today and she said my pneumonia spread from one lung to both of them. My oxygen levels were at 92% then she had me breath into this breathing machine then re-took my oxygen levels and it was up too 96% is that promising? Also I don’t have a fever. Now she has me on Amoxicillin. Is it normal for pneumonia to not be wiped out by the first antibiotic or does it take two or three different types for it to finally help you? Also I read Musinex helps is this true? And finally are there any home-aid remedies that help the recovery process move along faster?
I was first diagnosed with bronchitis but it turned to pneumonia. I was on Doxycillin for ten days. I thought I would make that clear.
My doctor already went over some of these things with me, but I was trying to get a second opinion from someone who has already had Pneumonia. And for my oxygen levels they only went up because I was using the breathing apparatus they had me use. I have no Idea if the oxygen levels have stayed the same sense I left or if they have gone back down to 92% again, yet another question I was hoping someone with a previous bout with Pneumonia could answer. I’ve called the doctors office and left them a message pertaining to these questions that I forgot to ask, I feel like shit so my mind was not in the right place at the time I wish I would have asked her all this when I was there but like I said I feel like shit and was not in the right place of mind, Also I don’t have insurance and I have to go to a urgent care, so I am not expecting them to be as reliable as a family doctor would be.

EloiseG answers:

The recovery rate depends upon how much rest you get. It is normal for one antibiotic not to work right away, hence, a second is prescribed.

Rest and meds will be the best thing for you.

Paul asks…

pnemonia, liver failure question?

A 56 year old man with a bad liver is admitted to the hospital with weakness and coughing blood. He is diagnosed with double phnemonia, admitted to I.C.U., and given oxygen through a mask to help him breathe. It is determined that he needs to be intubated to deliver oxygen directly to the lungs. He is sedated and placed on 100% oxygen. A strep infection spreads throughout his blood. He is given a powerful antibiotic which clears the blood of the infection, but not the lungs. He is given an echocardiogram, and his heart is in good condition. His vital signs are stable, kidneys are adequate, but the liver is not good. He has been sedated and on oxygen support for 3 days. When the medical staff is asked if he were to have the breathing tube taken out could he breathe on his own? The answer is no-he would stop breathing. How is this possible if he is basically back to the condition he was in when he arrived? Did putting him on the oxygen tube screw things up?

Update: His blood pressure has gone up a little (it was too low before), and at 7:00 this morning they took him off his sedation medication but he still hasn’t woken up..and it is now 4:30 in the afternoon. Is this bad? How long does it usually take to wake up? He is still breathing but with the oxygen machine. The doctors haven’t even said anything about pneumonia recently.

EloiseG answers:

I’m sorry to hear about this. You need to ask how what sounds like an overwhelming infection has affected his brain. It can take a good 24 hours to assess neurological impairment allowing for the sedative drugs to wear off. Fingers crossed.

{ 0 comments }


Oxygen Tanks For Welding – Portable Oxygen Tanks Blog





Daniel asks…

Can you fill a High Pressure Air tank with pure oxygen for paintball?

high pressure air is a mixture of mostly nitrogen with about a quarter of the mix being oxygen. I was wondering if it would be possible, or even a good idea, to fill a High pressure air tank used in paintball with pure Oxygen. My father has some pure Oxygen tanks used for welding, and they store the O2 at about 9,000 psi. i was concerned with whether it would be dangerous filling a 4500 psi High pressure air tank using this high a pressure of oxygen, or if it would even make my paintball marker safe to operate. i know O2 can be quite reactive and ignites with sparks but its not like id be smoking playing paintball. what do you think?

EloiseG answers:

Pure oxygen can ignite even the smallest particles of oil. This is a very, very bad idea.

Mark asks…

how to use a ox2550 welding torch from lowes?

I bought a Bernzomatic 0×2550 welding and cutting torch from lowes for $60 that uses oxygen (Red tank) and propylene (yellow tank). I followed the instructions on how to cut or weld but nothing happens, just a orangish flame comes out and I dont get the small blue flame that the instructions say im suppose to. Can anyone with experience with this torch help me out? please be specific

EloiseG answers:

Turn your tanks on-oxygen all the way, fuel gas 1/4 turn. At the bottom of the torch, turn the right knob all the way on. Set the working pressure side of your regulators for what size tip you have in. Never go over 15 PSI on acetylene. At this point it is advisable to do a leak check of the system. After that is done, turn the left knob on about 3/4 of a turn. Ignite the fuel gas with a striker, never a lighter. Adjust the flow with the left knob. If you see soot, turn it down a little. The flame should have the general shape as a horses tail. Next, turn the knob towards the end of the torch. This will turn on the oxygen. Adjust slowly until the center blue jets are very sharply defined cone shapes. Finally, depress the oxygen lever. A lot of time a person has to further adjust the oxygen flow rate with the lever depressed to ensure a properly shaped or Neutral Flame.

Hope that helps.

George asks…

Do police target people in protests who wear protective clothing?

Some people who attend protests choose to defend themselves against potential problems by wearing respirators or emergency oxygen tank setups, along with earmuffs to protect against noisemaking devices, and sometimes body armor, welding masks, and helmets to guard against rubber bullets or other projectiles, as well as police strobe lights.

Police have sometimes tried to arrest these people merely for being prepared, on the basis of unconstitutional laws banning the wearing of masks in public, for example.

However, courts often throw out those citations rather than risk taking them to trial.

Why is this? If the charges are valid, why are prosecutors too cowardly to pursue them?

How can it possibly be illegal for someone to wear sensible clothing to a protest?

EloiseG answers:

Yes they do

Steven asks…

Question on gas law stoichometry? help?

Acetylene torches are used for welding. These torches use a mixture of acetylene gas, and oxygen gas, to produce the following combustion reaction:
2C2H2+5O2—>4CO2+2H2O.

Imagine that you have a 5.00 gas tank and a 4.50 gas tank. You need to fill one tank with oxygen and the other with acetylene to use in conjunction with your welding torch. If you fill the larger tank with oxygen to a pressure of 145 , to what pressure should you fill the acetylene tank to ensure that you run out of each gas at the same time? Assume ideal behavior for all gases.

EloiseG answers:

145 x (2/5) x (5.00 / 4.50) = 64.4

Lizzie asks…

Chemistry, help please?

Imagine that you have a 5.50 gas tank and a 3.00 gas tank. You need to fill one tank with oxygen and the other with acetylene to use in conjunction with your welding torch. If you fill the larger tank with oxygen to a pressure of 135 , to what pressure should you fill the acetylene tank to ensure that you run out of each gas at the same time? Assume ideal behavior for all gases.

EloiseG answers:

C2H2 & 2.5 O2 –> 2CO2 & H2O

2.5 times as many moles of O2 is needed

by the formula
PV = nRT

n – directly proportional to PV
so the PV of C2H2 = 2.5 times the PV of oxygen
the PV of C2H2 = 2.5 (135)( 5.50)

the P of acetylene = 2.5 (135)( 5.50) / (3.00)

your answer is
P acetylene = 619

{ 0 comments }


Oxygen Therapy – Portable Oxygen Tanks Blog





Laura asks…

how can oxygen therapy the wounds?

 

EloiseG answers:

It helps to speed up the healing process

Maria asks…

What’s better: Ozone therapy or hyperbaric oxygen therapy?

I was poisoned by Cipro and now have full-body tendonitis, peripheral neuropathy in my legs, reduced blood flow in my legs and feet and have developed what might very well be RSD in my left foot/leg (the hardest hit part of my body). I’ve been unable to walk for seven months now. It is believed Cipro cuts off blood flow to the extremities, causing a cascade of debilitating symptoms (which I can attest to). I have tried using all types of vasodialating supplements to try and help increase blood flow to my legs and feet, but nothing seems to be working. I’m now considering either HBO therapy or ozone therapy. Does anyone know which is more powerful/effective for this type of thing? HBO therapy is incredibly expensive and has to be done 30-40 times from what I’ve read. I’m not sure how many times ozone therapy has to be done. Anyway, thanks for any help!
Well after my Cipro poisoning, my feet turn ICE COLD for no reason (I’m only 30 and WAS healthy before all this) and my toes turn blue and purple and STAY THAT WAY! It’s definitely not normal. Then there’s the fact that my foot simply isn’t healing. I most definitely have blood flow problems in my legs, they hurt SO BAD like they’re choked off. HBO therapy is supposed to help grow new capillaries and blood vessels to areas that need them. I think if I get blood to my legs and feet again, many of my tendon/nerve problems should improve. I’m just desperate right now :( I really need to be able to walk, I still have a long life ahead of me (hopefully).

EloiseG answers:

Certainly not ozone therapy. Ozone has never been shown to have any medical benefits whatsoever. It’s yet another expensive alternative medicine scam.

As for HBO therapy, I’ve never heard of it being used successfully for circulation disorders. I’ve also never heard of cipro causing circulatory problems. Have you actually had it confirmed by a doctor that your leg problems are due to poor blood flow, or is it possible that it’s just a result the peripheral neuropathy? If it is, there’s nothing you can do about it.

Michael asks…

Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy…does anyone have any experience with this?

I am considering trying HBOT for my 2 year old son with developmental delays and would love to hear from someone who has tried it.

EloiseG answers:

My only experience with this is in wound care. I can’t really think of anything it could offer a child with developmental delays. If the person recommending this isn’t an M.D. Or similar, be really, really careful to read as much as possible before you invest a fortune.

{ 0 comments }